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Disaster Med Public Health Prep. 2014 Oct;8(5):411-6. doi: 10.1017/dmp.2014.81. Epub 2014 Sep 16.

Management of chlorine gas-related injuries from the Graniteville, South Carolina, train derailment.

Author information

1
1Palmetto Health Richland,Department of Emergency Medicine,and Palmetto Poison Center,University of South Carolina,South Carolina College of Pharmacy,Columbia,South Carolina.
2
2Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine,Department of Global Environmental Health Sciences,New Orleans,Louisiana.
3
3North Fulton Hospital,Department of Emergency Medicine,Roswell,Georgia.

Abstract

A widely produced chemical, chlorine is used in various industries including automotive, electronics, disinfectants, metal production, and many others. Chlorine is usually produced and transported as a pressurized liquid; however, as a gas it is a significant pulmonary irritant. Thousands of people are exposed to chlorine gas every year, and while large-scale exposures are uncommon, they are not rare. Symptoms are usually related to the concentration and length of exposure, and although treatment is largely supportive, certain specific therapies have yet to be validated with randomized controlled trials. The majority of those exposed completely recover with supportive care; however, studies have shown the potential for persistent inflammation and chronic hyperreactivity. This case report describes an incident that occurred in Graniteville, South Carolina, when a train derailment exposed hundreds of people to chlorine gas. This report reviews the events of January 6, 2005, and the current treatment options for chlorine gas exposure.(Disaster Med Public Health Preparedness. 2014;0:1-6).

PMID:
25225966
DOI:
10.1017/dmp.2014.81
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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