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World J Biol Chem. 2014 Aug 26;5(3):346-54. doi: 10.4331/wjbc.v5.i3.346.

FoxO3a and disease progression.

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Richard Seonghun Nho, Polla Hergert, Division of Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, United States.


The Forkhead box O (FoxO) family has recently been highlighted as an important transcriptional regulator of crucial proteins associated with the many diverse functions of cells. So far, FoxO1, FoxO3a, FoxO4 and FoxO6 proteins have been identified in humans. Although each FoxO family member has its own role, unlike the other FoxO families, FoxO3a has been extensively studied because of its rather unique and pivotal regulation of cell proliferation, apoptosis, metabolism, stress management and longevity. FoxO3a alteration is closely linked to the progression of several types of cancers, fibrosis and other types of diseases. In this review, we will examine the function of FoxO3a in disease progression and also explore FoxO3a's regulatory mechanisms. We will also discuss FoxO3a as a potential target for the treatment of several types of disease.


Aging; Apoptosis; Cell proliferation; Forkhead box O; Stress

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