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ILAR J. 2014;55(2):221-32. doi: 10.1093/ilar/ilu002.

Social defeat as an animal model for depression.

Abstract

Depression is one of the most disabling medical conditions in the world today, yet its etiologies remain unclear and current treatments are not wholly effective. Animal models are a powerful tool to investigate possible causes and treatments for human diseases. We describe an animal model of social defeat as a possible model for human depression. We discuss the paradigm, behavioral correlates to depression, and potential underlying neurobiological mechanisms with an eye toward possible future therapies.

KEYWORDS:

animal models; depression; social defeat; stress

PMID:
25225302
DOI:
10.1093/ilar/ilu002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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