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Tuberculosis (Edinb). 2014 Dec;94(6):634-43. doi: 10.1016/j.tube.2014.08.005. Epub 2014 Aug 23.

Mycobacterium tuberculosis Erdman infection of rhesus macaques of Chinese origin.

Author information

1
Animal Biosafety Level III Laboratory at the Center for Animal Experiment, Wuhan University School of Medicine, Wuhan, Hubei, PR China.
2
Aeras, Rockville, MD, USA.
3
Animal Biosafety Level III Laboratory at the Center for Animal Experiment, Wuhan University School of Medicine, Wuhan, Hubei, PR China; Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA. Electronic address: wenzheho@whu.edu.cn.

Abstract

Continuous high global tuberculosis (TB) mortality rates and variable vaccine efficacy of mycobacterium Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) emphasize the need for improved vaccines and drugs against TB, which require clinically relevant animal models for evaluation. We infected a total of 24 Chinese rhesus macaques with varying doses (CFU of 25, 100 and 500) of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M.tb) Erdman strain via bronchoscopy. Regardless of the M.tb doses, all animals were infected successfully with minor differences in clinical progression; as evidenced by clinical manifestations, laboratory analyses, bacterial burden in infected tissues and histopathology evaluations. Rhesus macaques of Chinese origin are highly susceptible to infection with M.tb Erdman strain and develop acute TB disease, which is similar to that in humans. Pathologically, Chinese rhesus macaques recapitulated the complete spectrum of granulomatous lesions seen in human TB disease. These data indicate that low-dose infection of rhesus macaques of Chinese origin is a suitable model for acute M.tb infection.

KEYWORDS:

Chinese rhesus macaques; Erdman strain; Mycobacterium tuberculosis; Non-human primate

PMID:
25224753
DOI:
10.1016/j.tube.2014.08.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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