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Arthritis Rheumatol. 2015 Jan;67(1):288-95. doi: 10.1002/art.38877.

Association of a mutation in LACC1 with a monogenic form of systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis.

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King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, and King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.



The pathologic basis of systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is a subject of some controversy, with evidence for both autoimmune and autoinflammatory etiologies. Several monogenic autoinflammatory disorders have been described, but thus far, systemic JIA has only been attributed to a mutation of MEFV in rare cases and has been weakly associated with the HLA class II locus. This study was undertaken to identify the cause of an autosomal-recessive form of systemic JIA.


We studied 13 patients with systemic JIA from 5 consanguineous families, all from the southern region of Saudi Arabia. We used linkage analysis, homozygosity mapping, and whole-exome sequencing to identify the disease-associated gene and mutation.


Linkage analysis localized systemic JIA to a region on chromosome 13 with a maximum logarithm of odds score of 11.33, representing the strongest linkage identified to date for this disorder. Homozygosity mapping reduced the critical interval to a 1.02-Mb region defined proximally by rs9533338 and distally by rs9595049. Whole-exome sequencing identified a homoallelic missense mutation in LACC1, which encodes the enzyme laccase (multicopper oxidoreductase) domain-containing 1. The mutation was confirmed by Sanger sequencing and segregated with disease in all 5 families based on an autosomal-recessive pattern of inheritance and complete penetrance.


Our findings provide strong genetic evidence of an association of a mutation in LACC1 with systemic JIA in the families studied. Association of LACC1 with Crohn's disease and leprosy has been reported and justifies investigation of its role in autoinflammatory disorders.

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