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Health Promot Int. 2014 Jun;29 Suppl 1:i143-51. doi: 10.1093/heapro/dau049.

Rethinking the evaluation and measurement of Health in all policies.

Author information

1
Prevention Research Collaboration, School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Camperdown, New South Wales, Australia.
2
Office of the Vice Chancellor, Southampton University, Southampton, UK.

Abstract

Current international attention to Health in all policies (HiAP) has its origins in a more sophisticated understanding of the impact of public policies on health, and a recognition that policies across government have an impact on the social and environmental determinants of health and related inequalities in health. As an emerging field, there has been limited attention focused on comprehensive approaches to the evaluation of HiAP to date, and the research focus around HiAP has mainly examined the processes of cross-sectoral policy development, rather than their health-related impacts or outcomes. The purpose of this paper is to explore issues in assessing the implementation of HiAP and describe an expanded evaluation framework for assessing the potential intermediate and end-point effects of HiAP actions, using a planning logic model for 'complex programs'. This meets the needs of public sector policy-makers who express an interest in understanding the relationship between HiAP and health-related and social outcomes. The paper proposes applying a contribution analysis method to estimate and model the anticipated impacts of HiAP policies on intermediate and longer term outcomes, in advance of empirical studies of these outcomes, and as an innovative input into HiAP and evaluation planning. A broader long-term evaluation framework will enhance the political saliency of HiAP initiatives, especially from governments considering HiAP approaches in financially constrained environments.

KEYWORDS:

evaluation challenges; evidence-based health promotion; healthy public policy

PMID:
25217351
DOI:
10.1093/heapro/dau049
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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