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PLoS One. 2014 Sep 12;9(9):e106314. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0106314. eCollection 2014.

Comparison of hepatocellular carcinoma miRNA expression profiling as evaluated by next generation sequencing and microarray.

Author information

1
Department of Hepatology, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan.
2
Department of Medical Pharmaceutics, Kobe Pharmaceutical University, Kobe, Japan; Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan.
3
Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan.
4
Department of Gastroenterology, Ogaki Municipal Hospital, Ogaki, Japan.
5
Department of Physics, Chuo University, Tokyo, Japan.

Erratum in

  • PLoS One. 2014;9(12):e116434.

Abstract

MicroRNA (miRNA) expression profiling has proven useful in diagnosing and understanding the development and progression of several diseases. Microarray is the standard method for analyzing miRNA expression profiles; however, it has several disadvantages, including its limited detection of miRNAs. In recent years, advances in genome sequencing have led to the development of next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies, which significantly advance genome sequencing speed and discovery. In this study, we compared the expression profiles obtained by next generation sequencing (NGS) with the profiles created using microarray to assess if NGS could produce a more accurate and complete miRNA profile. Total RNA from 14 hepatocellular carcinoma tumors (HCC) and 6 matched non-tumor control tissues were sequenced with Illumina MiSeq 50-bp single-end reads. Micro RNA expression profiles were estimated using miRDeep2 software. As a comparison, miRNA expression profiles for 11 out of 14 HCCs were also established by microarray (Agilent human microRNA microarray). The average total sequencing exceeded 2.2 million reads per sample and of those reads, approximately 57% mapped to the human genome. The average correlation for miRNA expression between microarray and NGS and subtraction were 0.613 and 0.587, respectively, while miRNA expression between technical replicates was 0.976. The diagnostic accuracy of HCC, p-value, and AUC were 90.0%, 7.22×10(-4), and 0.92, respectively. In summary, NGS created an miRNA expression profile that was reproducible and comparable to that produced by microarray. Moreover, NGS discovered novel miRNAs that were otherwise undetectable by microarray. We believe that miRNA expression profiling by NGS can be a useful diagnostic tool applicable to multiple fields of medicine.

PMID:
25215888
PMCID:
PMC4162537
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0106314
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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