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Am J Alzheimers Dis Other Demen. 2014 Sep;29(6):498-502. doi: 10.1177/1533317514549650.

Periodontal health condition in patients with Alzheimer's disease.

Author information

1
Department of Periodontics, Dr. D. Y. Patil Dental College and Hospital, D. Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune, Maharashtra, India.
2
Department of Periodontics, Government Dental College and Research Institute, Bangalore, Karnataka, India periodonticsgdcri@gmail.com.
3
Department of Periodontics, Government Dental College and Research Institute, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.
4
Department of Periodontics, Vydehi Institute of Dental Sciences and Research Centre, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.
5
Department of Radiology, Government Medical College, Haldwani, Uttaranchal, India.
6
Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Government Dental College and Research Institute, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.
7
Department of Opthalmology, JJ Medical College and Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
8
Department of Periodontics, Oxford Dental College and Research Institute, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To compare periodontal health status in individuals with and without Alzheimer's disease (AD).

METHODS:

A total of 58 individuals with AD and 60 cognitively normal (ND) adult individuals, ranging in age from 50 to 80 years, were assessed for periodontal health status. Individuals with AD were further divided as mild, moderate, and severe, based on degree of cognitive impairment as evaluated using Mini-Mental State Examination. Gingival index (GI), plaque index (PI), probing depth (PD), clinical attachment level (CAL), and percentage of bleeding sites (%BOP) were evaluated.

RESULTS:

All the evaluated periodontal parameters were higher in individuals with AD than that in ND individuals, and the periodontal status deteriorated with the progression of AD. There were significant differences in mean GI, PI, PD, CAL, and %BOP between all the groups.

CONCLUSION:

The periodontal health status of individuals with AD deteriorates with disease progression and was closely related to their cognitive function.

KEYWORDS:

Alzheimer’s disease; chronic periodontitis; dementia; oral health

PMID:
25214647
DOI:
10.1177/1533317514549650
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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