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J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract. 2014 Sep-Oct;2(5):562-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jaip.2014.02.005. Epub 2014 Apr 13.

Sleep duration, sleep hygiene, and insomnia in adolescents with asthma.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, National Jewish Health, Denver, Colo. Electronic address: meltzerL@njhealth.org.
2
Department of Psychiatry, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colo.
3
Department of Pediatrics, National Jewish Health, Denver, Colo.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

There is a need to understand more about modifiable health behaviors that may be related to asthma control. Sleep is one such health behavior that has received little attention in pediatric asthma research.

OBJECTIVE:

To examine sleep duration, sleep hygiene, and insomnia in adolescents with and without asthma.

METHODS:

Adolescents (n = 298; 51% boys; age range, 12-17 years; 48% with asthma) from the general community completed an online survey that included the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood questionnaire, the Children's Report of Sleep Patterns, and the Insomnia Severity Index.

RESULTS:

Sleep duration did not differ between the asthma severity groups, yet more adolescents with severe asthma reported insufficient weekday sleep (44%) versus adolescents without asthma (31%). Significant asthma group differences were found for sleep hygiene, with adolescents with severe asthma reporting poorer sleep hygiene. Almost twice as many adolescents with severe asthma reported clinically significant insomnia than adolescents with mild or no asthma. Sleep hygiene variables were correlated with insomnia, although these associations did not differ between adolescents with and without severe asthma. Finally, both insomnia severity and asthma severity were significant predictors of daytime sleepiness; however, asthma severity accounted for only 2% of the variance compared with 28% of the variance accounted for by insomnia severity.

CONCLUSIONS:

Many adolescents with severe asthma regularly obtain insufficient sleep, have poor sleep hygiene, and experience clinically significant insomnia. It is important to ask adolescents with asthma about sleep duration, sleep hygiene, and insomnia because there are effective interventions that can improve sleep for these youths.

KEYWORDS:

Adolescents; Asthma; Sleep; Sleep deprivation; Sleep disorders

PMID:
25213049
PMCID:
PMC4163200
DOI:
10.1016/j.jaip.2014.02.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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