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Genome Biol Evol. 2014 Sep 11;6(10):2586-94. doi: 10.1093/gbe/evu203.

Population genomic analysis reveals highly conserved mitochondrial genomes in the yeast species Lachancea thermotolerans.

Author information

1
Department of Genetics, Genomics and Microbiology, University of Strasbourg/CNRS, UMR7156, France.
2
Department of Genetics, Genomics and Microbiology, University of Strasbourg/CNRS, UMR7156, France schacherer@unistra.fr.

Abstract

The increasing availability of mitochondrial (mt) sequence data from various yeasts provides a tool to study genomic evolution within and between different species. While the genomes from a range of lineages are available, there is a lack of information concerning intraspecific mtDNA diversity. Here, we analyzed the mt genomes of 50 strains from Lachancea thermotolerans, a protoploid yeast species that has been isolated from several locations (Europe, Asia, Australia, South Africa, and North / South America) and ecological sources (fruit, tree exudate, plant material, and grape and agave fermentations). Protein-coding genes from the mtDNA were used to construct a phylogeny, which reflected a similar, yet less resolved topology than the phylogenetic tree of 50 nuclear genes. In comparison to its sister species Lachancea kluyveri, L. thermotolerans has a smaller mt genome. This is due to shorter intergenic regions and fewer introns, of which the latter are only found in COX1. We revealed that L. kluyveri and L. thermotolerans share similar levels of intraspecific divergence concerning the nuclear genomes. However, L. thermotolerans has a more highly conserved mt genome with the coding regions characterized by low rates of nonsynonymous substitution. Thus, in the mt genomes of L. thermotolerans, stronger purifying selection and lower mutation rates potentially shape genome diversity in contract to what was found for L. kluyveri, demonstrating that the factors driving mt genome evolution are different even between closely related species.

KEYWORDS:

genome evolution; intraspecific diversity; mitochondrial genome; selection

PMID:
25212859
PMCID:
PMC4224330
DOI:
10.1093/gbe/evu203
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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