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J Pharm Bioallied Sci. 2014 Jul;6(Suppl 1):S21-5. doi: 10.4103/0975-7406.137255.

Burning mouth syndrome: A review on its diagnostic and therapeutic approach.

Author information

1
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, SRM Kattankulathur Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
2
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Indira Gandhi Institute of Dental Sciences, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
3
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Madha Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
4
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Madha Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
5
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Sathyabama University Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Abstract

Burning mouth syndrome (BMS), a chronic and intractable orofacial pain syndrome is characterized by the presence of burning sensation of the oral mucosa in the absence of specific oral lesion. This condition affects chiefly of middle aged and elderly woman with hormonal changes or psychological disorders. In addition to burning sensation, patient with BMS also complains of oral mucosal pain, altered taste sensation, and dry mouth. This condition is probably of multifactorial origin, often idiopathic and its exact etiopathogenesis remains unclear. So far, there is no definitive cure for this condition and most of the treatment approaches, medications remains unsatisfactory. An interdisciplinary and systematic approach is required for better patient management. The purpose of this article is to present a review of epidemiology, clinical presentation, classification, etiopathogenesis, diagnosis and management of BMS.

KEYWORDS:

Burning mouth syndrome; classification; dysgeusia; epidemiology; etiology and treatment; stomatodynia

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