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J Indian Soc Periodontol. 2014 Jul;18(4):461-5. doi: 10.4103/0972-124X.138690.

A comparative evaluation of topical and intrasulcular application of coenzyme Q10 (Perio Q™) gel in chronic periodontitis patients: A clinical study.

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1
Department of Periodontology, Rungta College of Dental Sciences and Research, Bhilai, Chhattisgarh, India.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:

Coenzyme Q10 is a well-studied antioxidant in the medical literature, but studies regarding its efficacy in periodontal diseases are few. coenzymeoenzyme Q10 serves as an endogenous antioxidant and its increased concentration in the diseased gingiva effectively suppresses advanced periodontal inflammation. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of coenzyme Q10 (Perio Q™) as an adjunct to scaling and root planing in patients with chronic periodontitis.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

A total of 18 patients were enrolled for the study. The selected subjects were treated in three different quadrants randomly. The control quadrant was treated by scaling and root planing only, while the other two test quadrants were treated by intra-pocket application of gel combined with scaling or root planing and topical applications combined with scaling and root planning, respectively. Clinical parameters such as plaque index, gingival index, gingival bleeding index and probing pocket depth were assessed at baseline and at the 2(nd) week and 4(th) weeks. The results were subjected to statistical analysis.

RESULTS:

There was a significant improvement in all clinical parameters in the test sites seen at the end of the 4-week period. Sites with bleeding on probing were reduced more in the test group than in the control group.

CONCLUSION:

Coenzyme Q10 can be said to have a beneficial effect on periodontitis when used as an adjunct to scaling and root planing.

KEYWORDS:

Antioxidants; chronic periodontitis; coenzyme Q10; inflammation; reactive oxygen species

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