Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Plant Physiol. 2014 Nov;166(3):1634-45. doi: 10.1104/pp.114.248203. Epub 2014 Sep 10.

Rice GROWTH UNDER DROUGHT KINASE is required for drought tolerance and grain yield under normal and drought stress conditions.

Author information

1
Crop, Soil, and Environmental Sciences, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas 72701 (R.V., S.B., A.P.); andVirginia Bioinformatics Institute, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061 (A.K., A.P.).
2
Crop, Soil, and Environmental Sciences, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas 72701 (R.V., S.B., A.P.); andVirginia Bioinformatics Institute, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061 (A.K., A.P.) apereira@uark.edu.

Abstract

Rice (Oryza sativa) is the primary food source for more than one-half of the world's population. Because rice cultivation is dependent on water availability, drought during flowering severely affects grain yield. Here, we show that the function of a drought-inducible receptor-like cytoplasmic kinase, named GROWTH UNDER DROUGHT KINASE (GUDK), is required for grain yield under drought and well-watered conditions. Loss-of-function gudk mutant lines exhibit sensitivity to salinity, osmotic stress, and abscisic acid treatment at the seedling stage, and a reduction in photosynthesis and plant biomass under controlled drought stress at the vegetative stage. The gudk mutants interestingly showed a significant reduction in grain yield, both under normal well-watered conditions and under drought stress at the reproductive stage. Phosphoproteome profiling of the mutant followed by in vitro assays identified the transcription factor APETALA2/ETHYLENE RESPONSE FACTOR OsAP37 as a phosphorylation target of GUDK. The involvement of OsAP37 in regulating grain yield under drought through activation of several stress genes was previously shown. Our transactivation assays confirmed that GUDK is required for activation of stress genes by OsAP37. We propose that GUDK mediates drought stress signaling through phosphorylation and activation of OsAP37, resulting in transcriptional activation of stress-regulated genes, which impart tolerance and improve yield under drought. Our study reveals insights around drought stress signaling mediated by receptor-like cytoplasmic kinases, and also identifies a primary regulator of grain yield in rice that offers the opportunity to improve and stabilize rice grain yield under normal and drought stress conditions.

PMID:
25209982
PMCID:
PMC4226359
DOI:
10.1104/pp.114.248203
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center