Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2016 Jun;24(6):2002-8. doi: 10.1007/s00167-014-3266-0. Epub 2014 Sep 11.

Injuries can be prevented in contact flag football!

Author information

1
Department of Rehabilitation Sciences and Physiotherapy, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium. sportmed@zahav.net.il.
2
Jerusalem Sports Medicine Center, Lerner Sports Center, Hebrew University, Mount Scopus, Jerusalem, Israel. sportmed@zahav.net.il.
3
Oslo Sports Trauma Research Center, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway.
4
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Meir Hospital, Kfar Saba, Israel.
5
Department of Physical Medicine and Orthopaedic Surgery, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.
6
Department of Rehabilitation Sciences and Physiotherapy, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

This original prospective cohort study was conducted in an attempt to significantly reduce the incidence and the severity of injuries in an intervention cohort as compared to a two-season historical cohort, and to provide recommendations to the International Federation of Football (IFAF) pertaining to prevention measures to make the game safer.

METHODS:

A total of 1,260 amateur male (mean age: 20.4 ± 3.9 years) and 244 female (mean age: 18.5 ± 1.7 years) players participated in the study. Four prevention measures were implemented: the no-pocket rule, self-fitting mouth guards, ankle braces (for those players with recurrent ankle sprains) and an injury treatment information brochure. All time-loss injuries sustained in game sessions were recorded by the off-the-field medical personnel and followed up by a more detailed phone injury surveillance questionnaire.

RESULTS:

There was a 54 % reduction in the total number of injuries and a significant reduction in the incidence rate and incidence proportion between the intervention cohorts as compared to the historical cohort (p < 0.001). There was no statistically significant reduction in the number of injuries in any of the body parts, except for in hand/wrist injuries related to the use of pockets (p < 0.001), as well as the severity of mild-moderate injuries (p < 0.05).

CONCLUSION:

This study provided evidence that hand/wrist injuries can be significantly reduced in flag football. Recommendations to the IFAF include strict enforcement of the no-pocket rule, the use of soft headgear, comfortable-fitting ankle braces and mouth guards and additionally, to change game rules concerning blocking.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:

II.

KEYWORDS:

Contact flag football; Intervention; Prevention; Sports injuries

PMID:
25209203
DOI:
10.1007/s00167-014-3266-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer
Loading ...
Support Center