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Front Public Health. 2014 Aug 26;2:126. doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2014.00126. eCollection 2014.

The Development of a Multilingual Tool for Facilitating the Primary-Specialty Care Interface in Low Resource Settings: the MSF Tele-Expertise System.

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Médecins Sans Frontières , Paris , France ; Department of Medical Ethics and Legal Medicine (EA 4569), Paris Descartes University , Paris , France.
Médecins Sans Frontières , Geneva , Switzerland ; McGill University , Montréal, QC , Canada.
University of Edinburgh , Edinburgh , UK.
Médecins Sans Frontières , Barcelona , Spain.
Médecins Sans Frontières , New York, NY , USA.
Médecins Sans Frontières , Amsterdam , Netherlands.
Norwegian Centre for Integrated Care and Telemedicine, University Hospital of North Norway , Tromsø , Norway ; Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Tromsø , Tromsø , Norway.


In 2009, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) started a pilot trial of store-and-forward telemedicine to support field workers. One network was operated in French and one in English; a third, Spanish network was brought into operation in 2012. The three telemedicine pilots were then combined to form a single multilingual tele-expertise system, tailored to support MSF field staff. We conducted a retrospective analysis of all telemedicine cases referred from April 2010 to March 2014. We also carried out a survey of all users in December 2013. A total of 1039 referrals were received from 41 countries, of which 89% were in English, 10% in French, and 1% in Spanish. The cases covered a very wide range of medical and surgical specialties. The median delay in providing the first specialist response to the referrer was 5.3 h (interquartile range 1.8, 16.4). The survey was sent to 294 referrers and 254 specialists. Of these, 224 were considered as active users (41%). Out of the 548 users, 163 (30%) answered the survey. The majority of referrers (79%) reported that the advice received via the system improved their management of the patient. The main concerns raised by referrers and specialists were the lack of support or promotion of system at headquarters' level and the lack of feedback about patient follow-up. Because of the size of the MSF organization, it is clear that there is potential for further organizational adoption.


developing countries; multilingual network; tele-expertise; telehealth; telemedicine

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