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Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 2014 Nov;74(5):1023-8. doi: 10.1007/s00280-014-2578-6. Epub 2014 Sep 10.

Antitumor activity of the selective ALK inhibitor alectinib in models of intracranial metastases.

Author information

1
Research Division, Chugai Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., 200 Kajiwara, Kamakura, Kanagawa, 247-8530, Japan.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The clinical efficacy of the anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) inhibitor crizotinib has been demonstrated in ALK fusion-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC); however, brain metastases are frequent sites of initial failure in patients due to poor penetration of the central nervous system by crizotinib. Here, we examined the efficacy of a selective ALK inhibitor alectinib/CH5424802 in preclinical models of intracranial tumors.

METHODS:

We established intracranial tumor implantation mouse models of EML4-ALK-positive NSCLC NCI-H2228 and examined the antitumor activity of alectinib in this model. Plasma distribution and brain distribution of alectinib were examined by quantitative whole-body autoradiography administrating a single oral dose of (14)C-labeled alectinib to rats. The drug permeability of alectinib was evaluated in Caco-2 cell.

RESULTS:

Alectinib resulted in regression of NCI-H2228 tumor in mouse brain and provided a survival benefit. In a pharmacokinetic study using rats, alectinib showed a high brain-to-plasma ratio, and in an in vitro drug permeability study using Caco-2 cells, alectinib was not transported by P-glycoprotein efflux transporter that is a key factor in blood-brain barrier penetration.

CONCLUSIONS:

We established intracranial tumor implantation models of EML4-ALK-positive NSCLC. Alectinib showed potent efficacy against intracranial EML4-ALK-positive tumor. These results demonstrated that alectinib might provide therapeutic opportunities for crizotinib-treated patients with brain metastases.

PMID:
25205428
DOI:
10.1007/s00280-014-2578-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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