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J Addict Nurs. 2014 Jul-Sep;25(3):122-9. doi: 10.1097/JAN.0000000000000037.

Nursing students' experiences with screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment for substance use in the clinical/hospital setting.

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Betty J. Braxter, PhD, RN, CNM, Kathy Puskar, DrPH, RN, FAAN, and Ann M. Mitchell, PhD, RN, FAAN, University of Pittsburgh School of Nursing, Pennsylvania. Holly Hagle, PhD, Institute for Research, Education, and Training in Addictions, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Heather Gotham, PhD, University of Missouri-Kansas City. Martha Ann Terry, PhD, University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health, Pennsylvania.


Although Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) is an effective early intervention when used across healthcare settings, its implementation has been difficult, in part because of lack of training, healthcare providers' feelings of low self-efficacy in performing SBIRT, and negative attitudes about people who use alcohol and drugs. This study used qualitative descriptive methods to examine baccalaureate nursing students' experiences with practicing SBIRT in clinical rotations following in-depth classroom work and skill-based training. Fifty-five junior level nursing students participated in four focus groups. Three overarching themes describe students' experiences with SBIRT. Students expressed a positive impact of the training on their attitudes and feelings of self-efficacy regarding the use of SBIRT, differences in opinions about whether SBIRT should be used universally with all patients or as a targeted intervention with only some patients, and that SBIRT is a nursing responsibility. These results suggest that education and training can affect attitudes and efficacy, but that attention needs to be paid to how SBIRT is implemented within different healthcare settings.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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