Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Cancer Prev Res (Phila). 2014 Nov;7(11):1160-9. doi: 10.1158/1940-6207.CAPR-14-0056. Epub 2014 Sep 8.

The concentrations of EGFR, LRG1, ITIH4, and F5 in serum correlate with the number of colonic adenomas in ApcPirc/+ rats.

Author information

  • 1Department of Biochemistry, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin.
  • 2McArdle Laboratory for Cancer Research, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin. Molecular and Environmental Toxicology Center, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin.
  • 3McArdle Laboratory for Cancer Research, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin. Department of Oncology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin.
  • 4Department of Biochemistry, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin. Biotechnology Center, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin. msussman@wisc.edu.

Abstract

The development of noninvasive methods for early detection of colon cancer is critical for the successful management of this disease. Using a targeted quantitative proteomics technique, we assessed the ability of 12 serum proteins to detect the presence of colonic polyps in the Apc(Pirc) (/+) rat model of familial colon cancer. Serum protein candidates were selected from gene transcripts upregulated in colonic tumors of Apc(Pirc) (/+) rats and from a prior study of serum proteins differentially expressed in mice carrying intestinal adenomas. Proteins were quantified at early stages of polyp formation in a rat cohort monitored longitudinally by colonoscopy over a period of 75 days. Of the 12 proteins monitored at three distinct time points, seven showed differential expression in at least one time point in the serum from Apc(Pirc) (/+) rats compared with wild-type rats. Tumor multiplicity correlated with protein expression changes, and most tumors grew during the study. EGFR, LRG1, ITIH4, and F5 displayed the most robust tumor-associated protein expression changes over time. Receiver operator characteristic analysis using these four proteins resulted in a sensitivity of 100%, a specificity of 80%, and an area under the curve of 0.93 at 135 days of age, when the Pirc rats bore an average of 19 tumors in the colon and seven in the small intestine. The results of this study demonstrate that the quantitative analysis of a panel of serum proteins can detect the presence of early intestinal tumors in a rat model, and provides support for future measurements in humans.

PMID:
25200834
PMCID:
PMC4221466
DOI:
10.1158/1940-6207.CAPR-14-0056
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center