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Conserv Biol. 2015 Apr;29(2):493-502. doi: 10.1111/cobi.12391. Epub 2014 Sep 8.

Selecting cost-effective areas for restoration of ecosystem services.

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Australian Rivers Institute, Griffith University, Nathan, QLD, 4111, Australia; Centro de Investigación y Estudios Avanzados (CINVESTAV) del I.P.N, Unidad Mérida, Carretera a Progreso km 6, C.P. 97310, YUC, México.


Selection of areas for restoration should be based on cost-effectiveness analysis to attain the maximum benefit with a limited budget and overcome the traditional ad hoc allocation of funds for restoration projects. Restoration projects need to be planned on the basis of ecological knowledge and economic and social constraints. We devised a novel approach for selecting cost-effective areas for restoration on the basis of biodiversity and potential provision of 3 ecosystem services: carbon storage, water depuration, and coastal protection. We used Marxan, a spatial prioritization tool, to balance the provision of ecosystem services against the cost of restoration. We tested this approach in a mangrove ecosystem in the Caribbean. Our approach efficiently selected restoration areas that at low cost were compatible with biodiversity targets and that maximized the provision of one or more ecosystem services. Choosing areas for restoration of mangroves on the basis carbon storage potential, largely guaranteed the restoration of biodiversity and other ecosystem services.


Marxan; bonos de carbono; calidad del agua; carbon stocks; humedales; huracanes; hurricanes; manglares; mangroves; rehabilitación; rehabilitation; water quality; wetlands

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