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J Dent Child (Chic). 2014 May-Aug;81(2):72-7.

Maternal anxiety and child fear during dental procedures: a preliminary study.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Life Dentistry, Nippon Dental University, Tokyo, Japan. h-karibe@tky.ndu.ac.jp.
2
Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Life Dentistry, Nippon Dental University, Tokyo, Japan.
3
Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Life Dentistry, at Nippon Dental University, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The purpose of this study was to assess the levels of dental fear, state anxiety, and physiological distress in children and their mothers during pediatric dental procedures and to investigate the associations between these variables.

METHODS:

Forty children and their mothers who visited six pediatric dental clinics in Tokyo, Japan, participated in this study. Dental fear was assessed using the dental subscale of the Children's Fear Survey Schedule (CFSS-DS) and the Dental Fear Survey. Children completed the pre- and post-treatment State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children-State (STAIC-S), and mothers completed the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-State (STAI-S). Pre- and post-treatment salivary alpha amylase (sAA) levels were measured to assess physiological distress. Paired t tests and Pearson's correlation coefficients were used for statistical analyses.

RESULTS:

State anxiety scores and sAA levels significantly differed between pre- and post-treatment in mothers (P=.007 and P<.02, respectively) but not in children. Pretreatment STAI-S scores in mothers were correlated with CFSS-DS scores in children (r=.348, P<.03), but pretreatment STAI-S and STAIC-S scores were not.

CONCLUSIONS:

Maternal anxiety before children's dental treatment was significantly associated with children's dental fear.

PMID:
25198949
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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