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Stand Genomic Sci. 2013 Dec 17;9(3):1278-84. doi: 10.4056/sigs.5068949. eCollection 2014 Jun 15.

Genomic Encyclopedia of Type Strains, Phase I: The one thousand microbial genomes (KMG-I) project.

Author information

1
DOE Joint Genome Institute, Walnut Creek, CA.
2
University of California, Davis, CA.
3
Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA ; NamesforLife, LLC, East Lansing, MI, USA.
4
American Type Culture Collection, Manassas, VA.
5
Department of Microbiology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA.
6
Australian Centre for Ecogenomics, The University of Queensland, Brisbane QLD 4072, Australia.
7
Leibniz Institute DSMZ - German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures, Braunschweig, Germany.

Abstract

The Genomic Encyclopedia of Bacteria and Archaea (GEBA) project was launched by the JGI in 2007 as a pilot project with the objective of sequencing 250 bacterial and archaeal genomes. The two major goals of that project were (a) to test the hypothesis that there are many benefits to the use the phylogenetic diversity of organisms in the tree of life as a primary criterion for generating their genome sequence and (b) to develop the necessary framework, technology and organization for large-scale sequencing of microbial isolate genomes. While the GEBA pilot project has not yet been entirely completed, both of the original goals have already been successfully accomplished, leading the way for the next phase of the project. Here we propose taking the GEBA project to the next level, by generating high quality draft genomes for 1,000 bacterial and archaeal strains. This represents a combined 16-fold increase in both scale and speed as compared to the GEBA pilot project (250 isolate genomes in 4+ years). We will follow a similar approach for organism selection and sequencing prioritization as was done for the GEBA pilot project (i.e. phylogenetic novelty, availability and growth of cultures of type strains and DNA extraction capability), focusing on type strains as this ensures reproducibility of our results and provides the strongest linkage between genome sequences and other knowledge about each strain. In turn, this project will constitute a pilot phase of a larger effort that will target the genome sequences of all available type strains of the Bacteria and Archaea.

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