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J Appl Physiol (1985). 2015 Sep 15;119(6):753-8. doi: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00518.2014. Epub 2014 Sep 4.

High-intensity interval training vs. moderate-intensity continuous exercise training in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction: a pilot study.

Author information

1
School of Nutrition and Health Promotion, Arizona State University, Phoenix, Arizona; Department of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic Arizona, Scottsdale, Arizona; and sangadi@asu.edu.
2
Department of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic Arizona, Scottsdale, Arizona; and.
3
School of Nutrition and Health Promotion, Arizona State University, Phoenix, Arizona;
4
Faculty of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

Abstract

Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Exercise training is an established adjuvant therapy in heart failure; however, the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) in HFpEF are unknown. We compared the effects of HIIT vs. moderate-intensity aerobic continuous training (MI-ACT) on peak oxygen uptake (V̇o₂peak), left ventricular diastolic dysfunction, and endothelial function in patients with HFpEF. Nineteen patients with HFpEF (age 70 ± 8.3 yr) were randomized to either HIIT (4 × 4 min at 85-90% peak heart rate, with 3 min active recovery) or MI-ACT (30 min at 70% peak heart rate). Fifteen patients completed exercise training (HIIT: n = 9; MI-ACT: n = 6). Patients trained 3 days/wk for 4 wk. Before and after training patients underwent a treadmill test for V̇o₂peak determination, 2D-echocardiography for assessment of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction, and brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD) for assessment of endothelial function. HIIT improved V̇o₂peak (pre = 19.2 ± 5.2 ml·kg(-1)·min(-1); post = 21.0 ± 5.2 ml·kg(-1)·min(-1); P = 0.04) and left ventricular diastolic dysfunction grade (pre = 2.1 ± 0.3; post = 1.3 ± 0.7; P = 0.02), but FMD was unchanged (pre = 6.9 ± 3.7%; post = 7.0 ± 4.2%). No changes were observed following MI-ACT. A trend for reduced left atrial volume index was observed following HIIT compared with MI-ACT (-3.3 ± 6.6 vs. +5.8 ± 10.7 ml/m(2); P = 0.06). In HFpEF patients 4 wk of HIIT significantly improved V̇o₂peak and left ventricular diastolic dysfunction. HIIT may provide a more robust stimulus than MI-ACT for early exercise training adaptations in HFpEF.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02147613.

KEYWORDS:

diastolic dysfunction; exercise training; heart failure with preserved ejection fraction; high-intensity interval exercise; peak oxygen uptake

PMID:
25190739
DOI:
10.1152/japplphysiol.00518.2014
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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