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J Psychoactive Drugs. 2014 Oct-Dec;46(4):303-9. doi: 10.1080/02791072.2014.921744.

Treating Trauma in Addiction with EMDR: A Pilot Study.

Author information

1
a Clinical Psychologist , Centre d'Etude et d'Information sur les Drogues (CEID), Bordeaux, France; Institut Michel Montaigne, Centre de Thérapies Familiales et de Traumatismes , Cenon , France.

Abstract

Abstract Objective: This study investigated the effects of standard eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) protocol in chronically dependent patients. We propose that reprocessing traumatic memories with EMDR would lead to measurable changes of addiction symptoms.

METHOD:

Twelve patients with alcohol and/or drug dependency were randomly assigned to one of two treatment conditions: treatment as usual (TAU) or TAU plus eight sessions of EMDR (TAU+EMDR). Measures of PTSD symptoms, addiction symptoms, depression, anxiety, self-esteem, and alexithymia were included in this study.

RESULTS:

The TAU+EMDR group showed a significant reduction in PTSD symptoms but not in addiction symptoms. EMDR treatment was also associated with a significant decrease in depressive symptoms, while patients receiving TAU showed no improvement in this area. The TAU+EMDR group also showed significant changes in self-esteem and alexithymia post-treatment.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study suggests that PTSD symptoms can be successfully treated with standard EMDR protocol in substance abuse patients.

KEYWORDS:

EMDR; PTSD; substance abuse; traumatic memory; treatment

PMID:
25188700
DOI:
10.1080/02791072.2014.921744
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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