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J Med Microbiol. 2014 Nov;63(Pt 11):1561-7. doi: 10.1099/jmm.0.081539-0. Epub 2014 Sep 3.

Phenotypic and molecular characterization of antimicrobial resistance in Proteus mirabilis isolates from dogs.

Author information

1
Department of Veterinary Internal Medicine, Tottori University, Minami 4-101, Koyama-Cho, Tottori-Shi, Tottori 680-8553, Japan k-harada@muses.tottori-u.ac.jp.
2
Laboratory of Veterinary Microbiology, Nippon Veterinary and Life Science University, 1-7-1, Kyonan-cho, Musashino, Tokyo 180-8602, Japan.
3
Department of Veterinary Internal Medicine, Tottori University, Minami 4-101, Koyama-Cho, Tottori-Shi, Tottori 680-8553, Japan.
4
Miyamoto Animal Hospital, 2265-8, Kurokawa, Yamaguchi-Shi, Yamaguchi 753-0851, Japan.

Abstract

Large-scale monitoring of resistance to 14 antimicrobial agents was performed using 103 Proteus mirabilis strains isolated from dogs in Japan. Resistant strains were analysed to identify their resistance mechanisms. Rates of resistance to chloramphenicol, streptomycin, enrofloxacin, trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole, kanamycin, ampicillin, ciprofloxacin, cephalothin, gentamicin, cefoxitin and cefotaxime were 20.4, 15.5, 12.6, 10.7, 9.7, 8.7, 5.8, 2.9, 2.9, 1.9 and 1.9%, respectively. No resistance to ceftazidime, aztreonam or imipenem was found. Class 1 and 2 integrases were detected in 2.9 and 11.7% of isolates, respectively. Class 1 integrons contained aadB or aadB-catB-like-blaOXA10-aadA1, whereas those of class 2 contained sat-aadA1, dhfr1-sat-aadA1 or none of the anticipated resistance genes. Of five distinct plasmid-mediated quinolone-resistance (PMQR) genes, only qnrD gene was detected in 1.9% of isolates. Quinolone-resistance determining regions (QRDRs) of gyrA and parC from 13 enrofloxacin-intermediate and -resistant isolates were sequenced. Seven strains had double mutations and three had single mutations. Three of nine ampicillin-resistant isolates harboured AmpC-type β-lactamases (i.e. blaCMY-2, blaCMY-4 and blaDHA-1). These results suggest that canine Proteus mirabilis deserves continued surveillance as an important reservoir of antimicrobial resistance determinants. This is the first report, to our knowledge, describing integrons, PMQRs and QRDR mutations in Proteus mirabilis isolates from companion animals.

PMID:
25187600
DOI:
10.1099/jmm.0.081539-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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