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Am J Occup Ther. 2014 Sep-Oct;68(5):562-9. doi: 10.5014/ajot.2014.012187.

Sensory integration functions of children with cochlear implants.

Author information

  • 1AnjaLi Carrasco Koester, OTD, OTR/L, is Occupational Therapist, Pediatric Therapy Network and KidAbilities, 1815 West 213th Street, No. 100, Torrance, CA 90501;
  • 2Zoe Mailloux, OTD, OTR/L, FAOTA, is Program and Professional Development Consultant, Private Practice, Redondo Beach, CA.
  • 3Gina Geppert Coleman, MA, OTR/L, is Occupational Therapist, KidAbilities, El Segundo, CA.
  • 4Annie Baltazar Mori, OTD, OTR/L, is Occupational Therapist and Owner, PlaySense Inc., Redondo Beach, CA.
  • 5Steven M. Paul, PhD, is Principal Statistician, University of California San Francisco School of Nursing, San Francisco.
  • 6Erna Blanche, PhD, OTR/L, FAOTA, is Associate Professor of Clinical Practice, Division of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, University of Southern California, Los Angeles.
  • 7Jill A. Muhs, MSE, MEd, is Vice President, Programs, John Tracy Clinic, Los Angeles, CA.
  • 8Deborah Lim, MA, CCC-SLP, is Speech-Language Pathologist, Pediatric Therapy Network, Redondo Beach, CA.
  • 9Sharon A. Cermak, EdD, OTR/L, FAOTA, is Professor of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, University of Southern California, Los Angeles.


OBJECTIVE. We investigated sensory integration (SI) function in children with cochlear implants (CIs). METHOD. We analyzed deidentified records from 49 children ages 7 mo to 83 mo with CIs. Records included Sensory Integration and Praxis Tests (SIPT), Sensory Processing Measure (SPM), Sensory Profile (SP), Developmental Profile 3 (DP-3), and Peabody Developmental Motor Scales (PDMS), with scores depending on participants' ages. We compared scores with normative population mean scores and with previously identified patterns of SI dysfunction. RESULTS. One-sample t tests revealed significant differences between children with CIs and the normative population on the majority of the SIPT items associated with the vestibular and proprioceptive bilateral integration and sequencing (VPBIS) pattern. Available scores for children with CIs on the SPM, SP, DP-3, and PDMS indicated generally typical ratings. CONCLUSION. SIPT scores in a sample of children with CIs reflected the VPBIS pattern of SI dysfunction, demonstrating the need for further examination of SI functions in children with CIs during occupational therapy assessment and intervention planning.

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