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Odontology. 2015 Sep;103(3):280-5. doi: 10.1007/s10266-014-0174-1. Epub 2014 Sep 3.

Immediate endodontic access cavity sealing: fundamentals of a new restorative technique.

Author information

1
Division of Cariology and Endodontology, School of Dentistry, University of Geneva, 11 rue Barthélemy-Menn, 1205, Geneva, Switzerland. Luca.derose@unige.ch.
2
Division of Cariology and Endodontology, School of Dentistry, University of Geneva, 11 rue Barthélemy-Menn, 1205, Geneva, Switzerland.

Abstract

Endodontic access cavity sealing is conventionally performed after endodontic irrigation, referred to as delayed endodontic sealing (DES). Evidence shows that endodontic irrigation with NaOCl decreases dentinal bond quality and could cause coronal leakage. Access cavity sealing before endodontic irrigation is a new restorative approach, referred to as immediate endodontic sealing (IES). The primary aim of this in vitro study was to investigate whether IES improved internal adaptation. The secondary aim was to investigate the influence of the viscosity of the composite used to seal the dentine, on the internal adaptation in both IES and DES groups. Third molars (n= 40) with fully developed apices were used. The teeth were prepared into standard Class II MO cavities, and divided in 4 groups according to the approach, and composite viscosity was used for sealing. Group 1: IES + low viscosity composite; group 2: IES + high viscosity composite; group 3: DES + low viscosity composite; and group 4: DES + high viscosity composite. Samples were then sectioned axially for observation using scanning electron microscopy. Outcome was evaluated by determining the internal adaptation of the samples, which was judged based on the percentage of a continuous margin at the tooth-composite interface. The results were analyzed using a two-way analysis of variance and Mann-Whitney test. IES groups exhibited significantly greater internal adaptation (p = 0.000) as compared with DES groups. Composite viscosity did not significantly affect internal adaptation in either IES or DES groups (p > 0.005).

KEYWORDS:

Coronal leakage; Endodontic irrigation; Endodontic treatment; Immediate dentin sealing; Sodium hypochlorite

PMID:
25183493
DOI:
10.1007/s10266-014-0174-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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