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Diagn Pathol. 2014 Sep 3;9:171. doi: 10.1186/s13000-014-0171-2.

miR-337 regulates the proliferation and invasion in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma by targeting HOXB7.

Author information

1
Department of emergency, the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, No,1 Jianshe Road, Zhengzhou 450052, Henan, China. ruizhang0001@126.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

miRNAs are involved in coordinating a variety of cellular processes by regulating their target genes. Aberrant expression of miRNAs is correlated with various cancers. Previous studies have shown that miR-337 is significantly down-regulated in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) and that its expression is negatively correlated to the expression of HOXB7. Both miR-337 and HOXB7 are associated with the prognosis of PDAC patients. The purpose of this study was to identify the molecular mechanisms by which miR-337 acts as a tumor suppressor in PDAC.

METHODS:

Synthetic miR-337 mimics were transfected into PANC-1 and As-PC-1 cells using Lipofectamine™ 2000. The expression of HOXB7 protein was analyzed by Western blot. Luciferase reporter plasmids were constructed to confirm that HOXB7 3'UTR was the target of miR-337. The effect of miR-337 on cell proliferation was evaluated by CCK8 assay and colony formation assay, and cell invasion was evaluated by wound healing assay and transwell assay.

RESULTS:

Western blot and luciferase activity assays identified HOXB7 as the target of miR-337. A CCK-8 assay showed the absorbance of cells transfected with miR-337 mimics to be less than that of control cells, and that the number of cell clones was significantly decreased by miR-337 expression. A wound healing assay showed the invasion rate of cells transfected with miR-337 mimics at 36 h to be markedly lower than in controls. The average number of cells penetrating the Matrigel was significantly lower than the controls.

CONCLUSION:

These findings suggest that miR-337 targets HOXB7 and effects significant suppression of PDAC cell proliferation and invasion.

VIRTUAL SLIDES:

The virtual slide(s) for this article can be found here: http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/13000_2014_171.

PMID:
25183455
PMCID:
PMC4164712
DOI:
10.1186/s13000-014-0171-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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