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Rev Esp Fisiol. 1989;45 Suppl:9-18.

Effect of carbaryl on the respiration, glycolysis and gluconeogenesis in isolated liver cells.

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1
Departamento de Fisiología y Nutrición, Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona, Spain.

Abstract

The effects of 1-naphthyl-N-methylcarbamate (carbaryl) upon respiration, glycolysis and gluconeogenesis in isolated rat hepatocytes was studied. The carbaryl at 0.01; 0.1 and 1.0 mM were dissolved in 1% dimethylsulphoxide. Concentrations of carbaryl at 1.0 mM reduces oxygen consumption. The decrease in the metabolic production of CO2 is significant at even the lowest of the concentrations. The utilization of glucose and the endogenous production of lactic is unaffected by treatment with carbaryl. The net glycolytic flux is decreased. On the other hand, the carbaryl inhibits lactate-gluconeogenesis at all concentrations of substrate studied. Gluconeogenesis from fructose or pyruvate or alanine is also inhibited by carbaryl 1 mM. Carbaryl decreases the lactic dehydrogenase activity but this diminution is only significant for the greatest concentration assayed. The activity of glucose-6-phosphatase is enhanced by carbaryl, but the increase is only significant for 1 mM carbaryl. The glutamic-oxalacetic transferase cytoplasmic and mitochondrial activities are inhibited by 0.1 mM and 1.0 mM carbaryl. Carbaryl decreases glucose production by hepatic cells, and suggests that the carbaryl-induced hyperglycemia in the fasted animal would be due to deficiencies in the peripheral utilization of the glucose.

PMID:
2518337
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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