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Addict Behav. 2015 May;44:9-15. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2014.08.002. Epub 2014 Aug 23.

Metacognition in addictive behaviors.

Author information

1
London South Bank University, London, UK. Electronic address: spadam@lsbu.ac.uk.
2
Studi Cognitivi, Cognitive Psychotherapy School, Modena, Italy.
3
Kingston University, Kingston upon Thames, UK.
4
University of Manchester, Manchester, UK; Manchester Mental Health and Social Care NHS Trust, UK.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Over the last twenty years metacognitive theory has provided a novel framework, in the form of the Self-Regulatory Executive Function (S-REF) model, for conceptualizing psychological distress (Wells & Matthews, 1994, 1996). The S-REF model proposes that psychological distress persists because of unhelpful coping styles (e.g. extended thinking and thought suppression) which are activated and maintained as a result of metacognitive beliefs.

OBJECTIVE:

This paper describes the S-REF model and its application to addictive behaviors using a triphasic metacognitive formulation.

DISCUSSION:

Evidence on the components of the triphasic metacognitive formulation is reviewed and the clinical implications for applying metacognitive therapy to addictive behaviors outlined.

KEYWORDS:

Addictive behaviors; Cognitive-attentional syndrome; Metacognition; Metacognitive beliefs; Metacognitive therapy; Self-Regulatory Executive Function model

PMID:
25182375
DOI:
10.1016/j.addbeh.2014.08.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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