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Cancer Lett. 2014 Dec 28;355(2):224-31. doi: 10.1016/j.canlet.2014.08.040. Epub 2014 Aug 29.

Synergistic interaction of Smac mimetic and IFNα to trigger apoptosis in acute myeloid leukemia cells.

Author information

1
Institute for Experimental Cancer Research in Pediatrics, Goethe-University, Komturstr. 3a, 60528 Frankfurt, Germany; German Cancer Consortium (DKTK), Heidelberg, Germany.
2
Institute for Experimental Cancer Research in Pediatrics, Goethe-University, Komturstr. 3a, 60528 Frankfurt, Germany.
3
Institute for Experimental Cancer Research in Pediatrics, Goethe-University, Komturstr. 3a, 60528 Frankfurt, Germany; German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Heidelberg, Germany. Electronic address: simone.fulda@kgu.de.

Abstract

Therapeutic targeting of inhibitor of apoptosis (IAP) proteins by small-molecule inhibitors such as Smac mimetic is considered as a promising anticancer strategy to elicit apoptosis. Recent advances have renewed the interest in exploiting the antileukemic activity of interferon (IFN)α for the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Here, we identify a novel synergistic interaction of the Smac mimetic BV6 and IFNα to trigger cell death in AML cells. Calculation of combination index (CI) confirms the synergism of BV6 and IFNα. In contrast to AML cells, no synergistic toxicity of BV6 and IFNα at equimolar concentrations is found against normal peripheral blood lymphocytes. BV6 and IFNα act in concert to stimulate expression of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)α and its secretion into the supernatant, thereby initiating an autocrine/paracrine TNFα/TNF receptor 1 (TNFR1) loop that drives cell death by BV6 and IFNα. Consistently, pharmacological inhibition of TNFα by the TNFα-blocking antibody Enbrel or genetic silencing of TNFR1 significantly reduces BV6/IFNα-induced cell death. In addition, BV6/IFNα-induced cell death depends on interferon regulatory factor (IRF)1, since RNA interference-imposed knockdown of IRF1 significantly rescues cell death. In conclusion, the identification of a novel synergistic antileukemic combination of Smac mimetic and IFNα has important implications for the development of innovative treatment strategies in AML.

KEYWORDS:

Apoptosis; Cell death; Interferon; Leukemia; Smac

PMID:
25179908
DOI:
10.1016/j.canlet.2014.08.040
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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