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Endocr Relat Cancer. 2014 Oct;21(5):783-95. doi: 10.1530/ERC-14-0236.

Adrenergic signaling promotes angiogenesis through endothelial cell-tumor cell crosstalk.

Author information

1
Department of PathophysiologyInstitute of Basic Medical Sciences, Beijing 100850, People's Republic of China.
2
Department of PathophysiologyInstitute of Basic Medical Sciences, Beijing 100850, People's Republic of China sm200@sohu.com ningguo@nic.bmi.ac.cn.

Abstract

Angiogenesis is an important factor in invasive tumor growth, progression, and metastasis. Multiple proangiogenic mechanisms are involved in tumor angiogenesis. In this study, we showed that the neurotransmitter norepinephrine upregulated VEGF (VEGFA) expression in breast cancer cells and that the culture supernatant from norepinephrine-treated breast cancer cells promoted the formation of the capillary-like network of endothelial cells. However, the effects of norepinephrine were further enhanced when the endothelial cells were cocultured with breast cancer cells, indicating a critical role of tumor cell-endothelial cell contacts in norepinephrine-induced tumor angiogenesis. Interestingly, norepinephrine dramatically induced the activation of the Notch pathway, which is a cell-contact-mediated intercellular signaling pathway and tightly linked to tumor cell-stromal cell interaction and angiogenesis, in the endothelial cells that had been cocultured with breast cancer cells. Furthermore, the expression of the Notch ligand Jagged 1 was significantly upregulated by norepinephrine at both mRNA and protein levels in breast cancer cells. Inhibitors of β2-adrenergic receptor (β2-AR), protein kinase A (PKA), and mTOR could reverse norepinephrine-induced Jagged 1 upregulation, indicating that the β2-AR-PKA-mTOR pathway participates in this process. Knockdown of Jagged 1 expression in breast cancer cells not only repressed norepinephrine-induced activation of the Notch pathway in cocultured endothelial cells but also evidently impaired the effects of norepinephrine on capillary-like sprout formation. These data demonstrate that tumor angiogenesis mediated by the Jagged 1/Notch intercellular signaling is governed by the norepinephrine-activated β2-AR-PKA-mTOR pathway.

KEYWORDS:

Jagged 1; Notch; angiogenesis; breast cancer; catecholamine; β2-AR

PMID:
25179535
DOI:
10.1530/ERC-14-0236
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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