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Mol Biol Rep. 2014 Dec;41(12):7923-8. doi: 10.1007/s11033-014-3686-4. Epub 2014 Sep 2.

Effects of acetaldehyde and L-carnitine on morphology and enzyme activity of myocardial mitochondria in rats.

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1
Department of Cardiology, The Fourth Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Chongshan East Road No. 4, Huanggu District, Shenyang, 110032, People's Republic of China, cmu4h_jyz@163.com.

Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the effects of acetaldehyde (AA) and L-carnitine (LC) on morphology and enzyme activity of myocardial mitochondria in rats. Sixty-five Wistar rats were randomly divided into 4 groups: the control group (n = 20), the AA low-dose group (n = 15), the AA high-dose group (n = 15) and the AA + LC group (n = 15). Different doses (110 mg/kg and 220 mg/kg) AA was injected intraperitoneally once a day for 4 weeks. After 4 weeks administration, transmission electron microscope (TEM) observation of morphology of rat myocardial mitochondria was performed. Serum levels of succinate dehydrogenase (SDH), superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA) and cardiac troponin I (cTnI) were detected to evaluate mitochondrial enzymes activities. Light micrograph of rat myocardiocytes in the control group showing normal architecture of myocytes. The numerical density and number of mitochondria in both low-dose and high-dose AA groups were lower than that of the control group. After administration of LC, the rats in the AA + LC group showed an obvious increase in the numerical density and number of mitochondria. TEM showed that both low-dose and high-dose AA could induce myocardial mitochondrial damage in rats in a dose-dependent manner, such as mitochondrial swelling, disruptions of crest and membrane, mitochondrial deficiency. The degree of mitochondrial damage of the AA + LC group was significantly decreased after administration of LC. Our results showed that serum levels of SDH and SOD in the AA + LC and control groups were also higher than those of the low-dose and high-dose AA groups; while the MDA level in the AA + LC and control groups were lower than that of the low-dose and high-dose AA groups. The low-dose AA, high-dose AA and AA + LC groups exhibited a higher level of serum cTnI than that of the control group. However, there was no significant difference in serum cTnI level among the low-dose AA, high-dose AA and AA + LC groups. Our findings indicate that AA may lead to myocardial mitochondrial damage and the induction of enzyme activity in rats, while administration of LC could alleviate AA-related damage of rat myocardial mitochondria.

PMID:
25179225
DOI:
10.1007/s11033-014-3686-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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