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Endod Dent Traumatol. 1989 Aug;5(4):163-75.

Dynamics of dentoalveolar ankylosis and associated root resorption.


The present experimental studies in monkeys were undertaken to study the initiation and progression of dentoalveolar ankylosis of replanted teeth and associated root resorption. Maxillary and mandibular lateral incisors were extracted and replanted after an extraoral period of 15 min or 1 h. Teeth with an extraoral period of 1 h were endodontically treated. Half the number of monkeys were given antibiotics at the time of replantation. The observation periods varied from 2 days to 40 weeks. Irrespective of the length of the extraoral period, initial root resorption and minor areas of ankylosis were found 1 week after replantation. The initial ankylosis was not preceded by root resorption. In teeth replanted after an extraoral period of 15 min the ankylotic area did not increase with increasing time after replantation. Instead the periodontal membrane was re-established, separating the root surface from the alveolar bone. In teeth replanted after an extraoral period of 1 h, the initial ankylotic area increased with increasing time after replantation. Eight weeks and more after replantation, most of the periodontal membrane was replaced by bone covered by osteoblasts and occasional osteoblasts that were in continuity with the endosteal cells outlining the marrow spaces of the alveolar bone. The cementum and dentin were then gradually resorbed with increasing time after replantation. Antibiotics given at the time of replantation reduced the initial inflammation in the periodontal membrane and the inflammatory root resorption after all observation periods and it also seemed to some extent to prevent bacteria from entering the necrotic pulp tissue. Based on the present results it is suggested that root resorption associated with dentoalveolar ankylosis is initiated by endosteal osteoblasts and is thus a hormonally regulated process. This is in contrast to inflammatory root resorption, which seems to be triggered by inflammatory cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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