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Food Chem. 2015 Feb 1;168:70-9. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2014.07.024. Epub 2014 Jul 11.

Release of β-casomorphin-7/5 during simulated gastrointestinal digestion of milk β-casein variants from Indian crossbred cattle (Karan Fries).

Author information

1
Animal Biochemistry Division, National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal 132001, Haryana, India. Electronic address: raies_ulhaq@yahoo.com.
2
Animal Biochemistry Division, National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal 132001, Haryana, India. Electronic address: rkapila69@rediffmail.com.
3
Animal Biochemistry Division, National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal 132001, Haryana, India.

Abstract

Crossbred Karan Fries (KF) cows, among the best yielders of milk in India are carriers of A1 and A2 alleles. These genetic variants have been established as the source of β-casomorphins (BCMs) bioactive peptides that are implicated with various physiological and health issues. Therefore, the present study was aimed to investigate the release of BCM-7/5 from β-casein variants of KF by simulated gastrointestinal digestion (SGID) performed with proteolytic enzymes, in vitro. β-Casein variants (A1A1, A1A2 and A2A2) were isolated from milk samples of genotyped Karan Fries animals and subjected to hydrolysis by SGID using proteolytic enzymes (pepsin, trypsin, chymotrypsin and pancreatin), in vitro. Detection of BCMs were carried out in two peptide fractions (A and B) of RP-HPLC collected at retention time (RT) 24 and 28min respectively corresponding to standard BCM-5 and BCM-7 by MS-MS and competitive ELISA. One of the RP-HPLC fractions (B) showed the presence of 14 amino acid peptide (VYPFPGPIHNSLPQ) having encrypted internal BCMs sequence while no such peptide or precursor was observed in fraction A by MS-MS analysis. Further hydrolysis of fraction B of A1A1 and A1A2 variants of β-casein with elastase and leucine aminopeptidase revealed the release of BCM-7 by competitive ELISA. The yield of BCM-7 (0.20±0.02mg/g β-casein) from A1A1 variant was observed to be almost 3.2 times more than A1A2 variant of β-casein. However, release of BCM-7/5 could not be detected from A2A2 variant of β-casein. The biological activity of released peptides on rat ileum by isolated organ bath from A1A1 (IC50=0.534-0.595μM) and A1A2 (IC50=0.410-0.420μM) hydrolysates further confirmed the presence of opioid peptide BCM-7.

KEYWORDS:

Acetonitrile (PubChem CID: 6342); BCM-5; BCM-7; Hydrochloric acid (PubChem CID: 313); Simulated gastrointestinal digestion; Sodium dodecyl sulphate (PubChem CID: 3423265); Sodium hydroxide (PubChem CID: 14798); Trifluoroacetate (PubChem CID: 84468); Urea (PubChem CID: 1176); β-Casein; β-Casomorphin-5 (PubChem CID: 122318); β-Casomorphin-7 (PubChem CID: 121946)

PMID:
25172685
DOI:
10.1016/j.foodchem.2014.07.024
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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