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Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2014 Nov 1;190(9):996-1002. doi: 10.1164/rccm.201404-0720OC.

FEV1 decline in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease associated with biomass exposure.

Author information

1
Departamento de Investigación en Tabaquismo y EPOC, Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Respiratorias, Ismael Cosio Villegas, Mexico City, Mexico.

Abstract

RATIONALE:

Biomass exposure is an important risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, the time-course behavior of FEV1 in subjects exposed to biomass is unknown.

OBJECTIVES:

We undertook this study to determine the FEV1 rate decline in subjects exposed to biomass.

METHODS:

Pulmonary function was assessed every year in a Mexican cohort of patients with COPD associated with biomass or tobacco during a 15-year follow-up period.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS:

The mean rate of decline was significantly lower for the biomass exposure COPD group (BE-COPD) than for the tobacco smoke COPD group (TS-COPD) (23 vs. 42 ml, respectively; P < 0.01). Of the TS-COPD group, 11% were rapid decliners, whereas only one rapid decliner was found in the BE-COPD group; 69 and 21% of smokers versus 17 and 83% of the BE-COPD group were slow decliners and sustainers, respectively. A higher FEV1 both as % predicted and milliliters was a predictive factor for decline for BE-COPD and TS-COPD, whereas reversibility to bronchodilator was a predictive factor for both groups when adjusted by FEV1% predicted and only for the TS-COPD group when adjusted by milliliters.

CONCLUSIONS:

In the biomass exposure COPD group the rate of FEV1 decline is slower and shows a more homogeneous rate of decline over time in comparison with smokers. The rapid rate of FEV1 decline is a rare feature of biomass-induced airflow limitation.

KEYWORDS:

biomass exposure; lung function decline; phenotypes

PMID:
25172140
DOI:
10.1164/rccm.201404-0720OC
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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