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Respiration. 2014;88(3):215-22. doi: 10.1159/000364911. Epub 2014 Aug 21.

Comparison of three cough-augmentation techniques in neuromuscular patients: mechanical insufflation combined with manually assisted cough, insufflation-exsufflation alone and insufflation-exsufflation combined with manually assisted cough.

Author information

1
Réanimation Médicale, Physiologie - Explorations Fonctionnelles, Centre d'Innovations Technologiques UMR 805, Hôpital Raymond Poincaré, AP-HP, Garches, and EA 4497, Université de Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines, Versailles, France.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Mechanical insufflation-exsufflation (MI-E), more commonly known as 'cough assist therapy', is a method which produces inspiratory and expiratory assistance to improve cough performances. However, other alternatives or combinations are possible.

OBJECTIVE:

The objective was to compare the effects of mechanical insufflation combined with manually assisted coughing (MAC), insufflation-exsufflation alone and insufflation-exsufflation combined with MAC in neuromuscular patients requiring cough assistance.

METHODS:

Eighteen neuromuscular patients with severe respiratory muscle dysfunction and peak cough flow (PCF) lower than 3 liters/s or maximal expiratory pressure (MEP) lower than +45 cm H2O were studied. Patients were studied under three cough-assisted conditions, which were used in random order: insufflation by intermittent positive-pressure breathing (IPPB) combined with MAC, MI-E and MI-E + MAC.

RESULTS:

Overall, PCF was higher with IPPB + MAC than with MI-E + MAC or MI-E alone. Among the 12 patients who had higher PCF values with IPPB + MAC than with the two other techniques, 9 exhibited mask pressure swings during MI-E exsufflation, with a transient positive-pressure value due to the expiratory flow produced by the combined patient cough effort and MAC. Each of these 9 patients had higher PCF values (>5 liters/s) than did the other 9 patients when using IPPB + MAC.

CONCLUSION:

Our results indicate that adding the MI-E device to MAC is unhelpful in patients whose PCF with an insufflation technique and MAC exceeds 5 liters/s. This is because the expiratory flow produced by the patient's effort and MAC transitorily exceeds the vacuum capacity of the MI-E device, which therefore becomes a transient load against the PCF.

PMID:
25171575
DOI:
10.1159/000364911
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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