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Nat Prod Res. 2015;29(6):518-23. doi: 10.1080/14786419.2014.952234. Epub 2014 Aug 28.

Chemical constituents: water-soluble vitamins, free amino acids and sugar profile from Ganoderma adspersum.

Author information

1
a Department of Chemistry and Chemical Treatment Techniques , Mugla Vocational School of Higher Education, Mugla Sitki Koçman University , 48000 Mugla , Turkey.

Abstract

Ganoderma adspersum presents a rigid fruiting body owing to chitin content and having a small quantity of water or moisture. The utility of bioactive constituent of the mushroom can only be available by extraction for human usage. In this study, carbohydrate, water-soluble vitamin compositions and amino acid contents were determined in G. adspersum mushroom. The composition in individual sugars was determined by HPLC-RID, mannitol (13.04 g/100 g) and trehalose (10.27 g/100 g) being the most abundant sugars. The examination of water-soluble vitamins and free amino acid composition was determined by UPLC-ESI-MS/MS. Essential amino acid constituted 67.79% of total amino acid, which is well worth the attention with regard to researchers and consumers. In addition, G. adspersum, which is also significantly rich in B group vitamins and vitamin C, can provide a wide range of notable applications in the pharmaceutics, cosmetics, food and dietary supplement industries. G. adspersum revealed its value for pharmacy and nutrition fields.

KEYWORDS:

Ganoderma adspersum; UPLC-ESI-MS/MS; phenylalanine; valine; water-soluble vitamins

PMID:
25169839
DOI:
10.1080/14786419.2014.952234
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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