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Man Ther. 2015 Apr;20(2):349-52. doi: 10.1016/j.math.2014.07.017. Epub 2014 Aug 14.

Balancing "hands-on" with "hands-off" physical therapy interventions for the treatment of central sensitization pain in osteoarthritis.

Author information

1
Department of Physical Therapy, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain; Pain in Motion Research Group, Belgium; Department of Human Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education & Physiotherapy, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium; Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Faculty of Physical Education & Physiotherapy, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium. Electronic address: enrique.lluch@uv.es.
2
Pain in Motion Research Group, Belgium; Department of Rehabilitation Sciences and Physiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Antwerp, Belgium; Department of Rehabilitation Sciences and Physiotherapy, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.
3
Pain in Motion Research Group, Belgium; Department of Rehabilitation Sciences and Physiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Antwerp, Belgium.
4
Pain in Motion Research Group, Belgium; Department of Human Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education & Physiotherapy, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium; Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Faculty of Physical Education & Physiotherapy, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium.

Abstract

Traditional understanding of osteoarthritis-related pain has recently been challenged in light of evidence supporting a key role of central sensitization in a subgroup of this population. This fact may erroneously lead musculoskeletal therapists to conclude that hands-on interventions have no place in OA management, and that hands-off interventions must be applied exclusively. The aim of this paper is to encourage clinicians in finding an equilibrium between hands-on and hands-off interventions in patients with osteoarthritis-related pain dominated by central sensitization. The theoretical rationale for simultaneous application of manual therapy and pain neuroscience education is presented. Practical problems when combining these interventions are also addressed. Future studies should explore the combined effects of these treatment strategies to examine whether they increase therapeutic outcomes against current approaches for chronic osteoarthritis-related pain.

KEYWORDS:

Central nervous system sensitization; Musculoskeletal manipulations; Osteoarthritis; Pain

PMID:
25169787
DOI:
10.1016/j.math.2014.07.017
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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