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Eur J Dent Educ. 2015 Aug;19(3):161-8. doi: 10.1111/eje.12117. Epub 2014 Aug 28.

Achieved competences in temporomandibular disorders/orofacial pain: a comparison between two dental schools in Europe.

Author information

1
Department of Orofacial Pain and Jaw Function, Faculty of Odontology, Malmö University, Malmö, Sweden.
2
Oral, Dental and Maxillofacial Sciences, Section of Orthodontics and Clinical Gnathology, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy.
3
Department of Oral Diagnostic Sciences, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, USA.
4
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Skåne University Hospital, Lund, Sweden.

Abstract

AIMS:

The aim was to study achieved competences in temporomandibular disorders (TMD)/orofacial pain (OP) at two universities by comparing student's knowledge and understanding, satisfaction with their education and confidence in their clinical competences of TMD/OP.

METHODS:

The study was conducted in collaboration between Malmö University, Sweden—which uses problem-based learning—and the University of Naples Federico II, Italy—which uses traditional educational methods. Final-semester dental students responded to a self-report questionnaire regarding their knowledge and understanding, interpretation of cases histories, clinical experience, satisfaction and confidence in clinical examination, management and treatment evaluation.

RESULTS:

No significant difference was found between the students regarding knowledge and understanding. Eighty-seven per cent of the Malmö students and 96% of the Naples students met the criterion on achieved competence. Malmö students had a higher per cent of correct diagnoses than Naples students in the interpretation of case histories. Overall, Malmö students reported most clinical experience and higher confidence than Naple students.

CONCLUSIONS:

The main findings were that students from Malmö and Naples were, similar in knowledge and understanding of TMD/OP and in satisfaction with their clinical competences. However, Malmö students perceived more confidence in clinical management of patients with TMD/OP. This may reflect that, besides the theoretical part of the programme, a sufficient level of clinical exposure to patients with TMD/OP is essential to gain competences in TMD/OP.

KEYWORDS:

attitude; competences; questionnaire; temporomandibular disorders; undergraduate education

PMID:
25168490
DOI:
10.1111/eje.12117
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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