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PLoS One. 2014 Aug 28;9(8):e105503. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0105503. eCollection 2014.

Long-term prognosis of patients with carbon monoxide poisoning: a nationwide cohort study.

Author information

1
Department of Emergency Medicine, Chi-Mei Medical Center, Tainan, Taiwan; Department of Child Care and Education, Southern Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Tainan, Taiwan; Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan; Department of Emergency Medicine, Kuo General Hospital, Tainan, Taiwan.
2
Department of Emergency Medicine, Chi-Mei Medical Center, Tainan, Taiwan; Department of Emergency Medicine, Chi-Mei Medical Center, Liouying, Tainan, Taiwan.
3
Departments of Medical Research, Chi-Mei Medical Center, Tainan, Taiwan.
4
Department of Nephrology, Chi-Mei Medical Center, Tainan, Taiwan; Department of Food Nutrition, Chung Hwa University of Medical Technology, Tainan, Taiwan.
5
Department of Pediatrics, Chi-Mei Medical Center, Tainan, Taiwan.
6
Department of Emergency Medicine, Chi-Mei Medical Center, Tainan, Taiwan; Department of Emergency Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Biotechnology, Southern Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Tainan, Taiwan.
7
Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan; Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, Tainan, Taiwan.
8
Department of Occupational Medicine, Chi-Mei Medical Center, Tainan, Taiwan; Department of Leisure, Recreation and Tourism Management, Southern Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Tainan, Taiwan; Department of Medical Research, Chi Mei Medical Center, Liouying, Tainan, Taiwan.
9
Department of Emergency Medicine, Chi-Mei Medical Center, Tainan, Taiwan; Department of Biotechnology, Southern Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Tainan, Taiwan.
10
Department of Emergency Medicine, Kuang-Tien General Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan; Department of Nursing, Hungkuang University, Taichung, Taiwan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Carbon monoxide poisoning (COP) often produces severe complications and can be fatal. Because this topic has not been well delineated, we investigated long-term prognoses of patients with COP (COP[+]).

METHODS:

In this retrospective nationwide cohort study, 441 COP[+] patients and 8820 COP[-] controls (120) from 1999 to 2010 were selected from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database.

RESULTS:

Thirty-seven (8.39%) COP[+] patients and 142 (1.61%) controls died (P<0.0001) during follow-up. Incidence rate ratios (IRR) of death were 5.24 times higher in COP[+] patients than in controls (P<0.0001). The risk of death was particularly high in the first month after COP (IRR: 308.78; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 40.79-2337.56), 1 to 6 months after (IRR: 18.92; 95% CI: 7.69-46.56), and 6-12 months after (IRR: 4.73; 95% CI: 1.02-21.90). After adjusting for age, gender, and selected comorbidities, the hazard ratio of death for COP[+] patients was still 4.097 times higher than for controls. Moreover, older age (≥30 years old), male gender, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and low income were also independent mortality predictors.

CONCLUSIONS:

COP significantly increases the risk for long-term mortality. Early follow-up and secondary prevention of death are needed for patients with COP.

PMID:
25167083
PMCID:
PMC4148326
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0105503
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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