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Phys Rev Lett. 2013 Apr 5;110(14):147001. Epub 2013 Apr 3.

High-energy magnetic excitations in the cuprate superconductor Bi(2)Sr(2)CaCu(2)O(8+δ): towards a unified description of its electronic and magnetic degrees of freedom.

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Department of Condensed Matter Physics and Materials Science, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973, USA.
Royal Commission for the Exhibition of 1851 Research Fellow, Interface Analysis Centre, University of Bristol, Bristol BS2 8BS, United Kingdom and London Centre for Nanotechnology and Department of Physics and Astronomy, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom.
Swiss Light Source, Paul Scherrer Institut, CH-5232 Villigen PSI, Switzerland.


We investigate the high-energy magnetic excitation spectrum of the high-T(c) cuprate superconductor Bi(2)Sr(2)CaCu(2)O(8+δ) (Bi-2212) using Cu L(3) edge resonant inelastic x-ray scattering. Broad, dispersive magnetic excitations are observed, with a zone boundary energy of ∼ 300 meV and a weak dependence on doping. These excitations are strikingly similar to the bosons proposed to explain the high-energy "kink" observed in photoemission. A phenomenological calculation of the spin response, based on a parametrization of the the angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy derived electronic structure and Yang-Rice-Zhang quasiparticles, provides a reasonable prediction of the energy dispersion of the observed magnetic excitations. These results indicate a possible unified framework to reconcile the magnetic and electronic properties of the cuprates and we discuss the advantages and disadvantages of such an approach.

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