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Acta Paediatr. 2015 Jan;104(1):e1-6. doi: 10.1111/apa.12788. Epub 2014 Oct 2.

Diastolic ventricular function improves during the first 48-hours-of-life in infants weighting <1250 g.

Author information

1
Department of Paediatric and Newborn Medicine, Coombe Women and Infants University Hospital, Dublin, Ireland; Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Institute for the Care of Mother and Child, Prague, Czech Republic; Third Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic.

Abstract

AIM:

Few studies have focused on cardiac ventricular diastolic function in preterm neonates in the immediate post-natal period. This study evaluated Doppler-derived parameters of diastolic ventricular function in infants with birth weights of <1250 g during the transitional period.

METHODS:

This was a prospective observational study conducted in the Coombe Women and Infants University Hospital in Dublin, Ireland. Flow patterns on the mitral and tricuspid valve, isovolumic relaxation time (IVRT), left and right ventricular output and superior vena cava flow were measured in 22 infants with a birth weight of below 1250 g at six, 12, 24 and 48 h of age.

RESULTS:

Early filling peak velocity of the left and right ventricle increased significantly from 30.3 to 39.5 cm/sec and 26.6 to 32.1 cm/sec, respectively. IVRT of the right ventricle decreased from 70 to 57 ms, and there was a nonsignificant decrease in IVRT of the left ventricle from 61.6 to 54 ms over the first 48 h.

CONCLUSION:

We have demonstrated that parameters of diastolic ventricular function change significantly over the first 48 h of life in preterm infants <1250 g and that these changes may represent early diastolic dysfunction during the transitional period.

KEYWORDS:

Diastolic function; Functional echocardiography; Haemodynamic adaptation; Preterm neonate; Very low birth weight

PMID:
25163391
DOI:
10.1111/apa.12788
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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