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Diabetes Technol Ther. 2014 Nov;16(11):735-41. doi: 10.1089/dia.2014.0034. Epub 2014 Aug 27.

The effectiveness and durability of an early insulin pump therapy in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus.

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Regional Reference Center for Diabetology and Insulin Pumps, Department of Internal Medicine and Diabetology, Hospital of Partinico , Partinico (PA), Italy .



This study evaluated the predictors of effectiveness and durability of insulin pump therapy in children and adolescents who have initiated continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) within 2 years after the diagnosis of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM).


The charts of individuals with T1DM using insulin pumps who were treated at our center were reviewed, including subjects with age at onset of <22 years, interval between onset and insulin pump commencement (interval onset-commencement) of <2 years, use of pumps of >1 year, and use of glucose sensors for <4 weeks/year. The primary end point was the mean glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) value (MHbA1c) throughout the follow-up.


From 684 patients treated with insulin pumps, 119 met the inclusion criteria, and 113 were selected for statistical analysis (60 females; age at diabetes onset, 8.9±5.6 years [mean±SD]; follow-up, 4.0±1.8 years; range, 1-8 years; baseline HbA1c, 9.3±1.8%). Only the interval onset-commencement was a linear predictor of the MHbA1c (P=0.01; R(2)=0.089). A significant reduction of the mean yearly HbA1c from baseline throughout all the follow-up was observed (P<0.001). Categorizing the sample into four quartiles on the basis of an increasing interval onset-commencement resulted in levels of MHbA1c significantly lower in the first and second quartiles in comparison with the fourth quartile (7.6±0.8% and 7.8±1.0%, respectively, versus 8.5±0.8%; P<0.001 and P=0.004, respectively).


The present study suggests that early pump commencement in children and adolescents with T1DM provides lower and more durable HbA1c values than a late commencement. It is possible that an early pump commencement could prolong the honeymoon phase, but we cannot confirm or exclude this hypothesis because the lack of data about C-peptide levels during the follow-up.

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