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Int J Alzheimers Dis. 2014;2014:150628. doi: 10.1155/2014/150628. Epub 2014 Aug 5.

The Association between Apolipoprotein E Gene Polymorphism and Mild Cognitive Impairment among Different Ethnic Minority Groups in China.

Author information

1
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Ningxia Medical University, Yinchuan 750004, China.
2
Department of Comprehensive Medicine, General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University, Yinchuan 750004, China.
3
Brain and Mind Research Institute, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2050, Australia.

Abstract

The association, in different ethnic groups, of apolipoprotein E (apoE) gene polymorphism with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) has been unclear. Few studies have examined the association in Chinese minorities. The current study explores the association between apoE gene polymorphism and MCI in one of the biggest ethnic groups-the Hui-and compares it with the Han. The Minimental State Exam, Activities of Daily Living Scale, and Geriatric Depression Scale were administered to 306 ethnic Hui and 618 ethnic Han people aged ≥55 years. ApoE genotypes were determined using the high resolution melting curve method. The distribution of the apoE genotype and the frequency of alleles ε2, ε3, and ε4 were similar in the Hui and Han groups. In analyses adjusted for age, gender, and education level, the ε4 allele was a risk factor for MCI in both the Hui group (OR = 2.61, 95% CI: 1.02-6.66) and the Han group (OR = 2.36, 95% CI: 1.19-4.67), but the apoE ε2 allele was protective for MCI only in the Han group (OR = 0.48, 95% CI: 0.38-0.88). The association of some apoE genotypes with MCI may differ in different ethnic groups in China. Further studies are needed to explore this effect among different populations.

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