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Biochemistry. 1989 Dec 26;28(26):9908-12.

Common structural changes accompany the functional inactivation of HPr by seryl phosphorylation or by serine to aspartate substitution.

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1
Department of Biochemistry, University of Washington, Seattle 98195.

Abstract

Although many proteins are known to be regulated via reversible phosphorylation, little is known about the mechanism by which the covalent modification of seryl, threonyl, or tyrosyl residues alters the activities of the target systems. To address this question, modified versions of Bacillus subtilus HPr, a protein component of the bacterial phosphotransferase system, have been studied by 1H NMR spectroscopy. Phosphorylation at Ser46 or a Ser to Asp substitution at this position inactivates HPr [Reizer, J., Sutrina, S. L., Saier, M. H., Stewart, G. C., Peterkofsky, A., & Reddy, P. (1989) EMBO J. 8, 2111-2120]. Two-dimensional spectra of these two modified proteins display nearly identical proton chemical shifts that differ significantly from those observed in the spectra of the unphosphorylated, wild-type protein and of functionally active HPr mutants. The results demonstrate that the functional inactivation of HPr brought about by the serine to aspartate mutation is accompanied by the same structural changes that occur when HPr is phosphorylated at Ser46.

PMID:
2515891
DOI:
10.1021/bi00452a005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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