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Connect Tissue Res. 2014 Aug;55 Suppl 1:18-20. doi: 10.3109/03008207.2014.923848.

Transcriptional regulation of amelotin gene by proinflammatory cytokines in gingival fibroblasts.

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Department of Periodontology, Nihon University School of Dentistry at Matsudo , Chiba , Japan .


Amelotin (AMTN) is a secreted protein expressed during the late stages of enamel formation and in the junctional epithelium. Among many differentially expressed genes, we found significantly increased AMTN mRNA level in inflamed gingiva by DNA microarray. The inductions of AMTN mRNA expressions in inflamed gingiva and human gingival fibroblasts (HGF) were confirmed by real-time polymerase chain reaction. To determine the molecular basis of the expression of AMTN and its regulation by proinflammatory cytokines, we have isolated and characterized the promoter region of mouse AMTN gene. Transient transfection assays were performed using luciferase constructs including mouse AMTN gene promoter. Interleukin-1β, Interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor-α induced AMTN mRNA levels in HGF. These cytokines increased the luciferase activities of the AMTN promoter constructs in HGF. The results suggest that proinflammatory cytokines induce AMTN gene transcription and a role for AMTN in gingival inflammation.


Amelotin; cytokines; gingival fibroblast; inflammation; periodontitis

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