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Blood Cells Mol Dis. 2014 Dec;53(4):246-52. doi: 10.1016/j.bcmd.2014.05.009. Epub 2014 Aug 18.

Pyrimidine-5'-nucleotidase Campinas, a new mutation (p.R56G) in the NT5C3 gene associated with pyrimidine-5'-nucleotidase type I deficiency and influence of Gilbert's Syndrome on clinical expression.

Author information

1
Hemocentro e Instituto Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia do Sangue, Universidade de Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil.
2
Hemocentro e Instituto Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia do Sangue, Universidade de Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address: sara@unicamp.br.

Abstract

Pyrimidine-5'-nucleotidase type I (P5'NI) deficiency is an autosomal recessive condition that causes nonspherocytic hemolytic anemia, characterized by marked basophilic stippling and pyrimidine nucleotide accumulation in erythrocytes. We herein present two African descendant patients, father and daughter, with P5'N deficiency, both born from first cousins. Investigation of the promoter polymorphism of the uridine diphospho glucuronosyl transferase 1A (UGT1A) gene revealed that the father was homozygous for the allele (TA7) and the daughter heterozygous (TA6/TA7). P5'NI gene (NT5C3) gene sequencing revealed a further change in homozygosity at amino acid position 56 (p.R56G), located in a highly conserved region. Both patients developed gallstones; however the father, who had undergone surgery for the removal of stones, had extremely severe intrahepatic cholestasis and, liver biopsy revealed fibrosis and siderosis grade III, leading us to believe that the homozygosity of the UGT1A polymorphism was responsible for the more severe clinical features in the father. Moreover, our results show how the clinical expression of hemolytic anemia is influenced by epistatic factors and we describe a new mutation in the P5'N gene associated with enzyme deficiency, iron overload, and severe gallstone formation. To our knowledge, this is the first description of P5'N deficiency in South Americans.

KEYWORDS:

Gilbert's Syndrome; Iron overload; Liver disease; P5′N; Pyrimidine-5′-nucleotidase

PMID:
25153905
DOI:
10.1016/j.bcmd.2014.05.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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