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Radiology. 2014 Sep;272(3):635-54. doi: 10.1148/radiol.14132361.

CT and MR imaging diagnosis and staging of hepatocellular carcinoma: part I. Development, growth, and spread: key pathologic and imaging aspects.

Author information

1
From the Department of Radiology, Research Institute of Radiological Science, Yonsei University Health System, Seoul, Korea (J.Y.C.); Department of Radiology and Institute of Radiation Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea (J.M.L.); and Liver Imaging Group, Department of Radiology, University of California, San Diego Medical Center, 408 Dickinson St, San Diego, CA 92103-8226 (C.B.S.).

Abstract

Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging play critical roles in the diagnosis and staging of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The first article of this two-part review discusses key concepts of HCC development, growth, and spread, emphasizing those features with imaging correlates and hence most relevant to radiologists; state-of-the-art CT and MR imaging technique with extracellular and hepatobiliary contrast agents; and the imaging appearance of precursor nodules that eventually may transform into overt HCC.

PMID:
25153274
PMCID:
PMC4263631
DOI:
10.1148/radiol.14132361
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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