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Electrophoresis. 1989 Nov;10(11):781-4.

Two-dimensional electrophoresis of plasma proteins and high density lipoproteins during inflammation.

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Laboratoire du Centre de Médecine Préventive et Centre du Médicament, URACNRS N. 597, Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy, France.


Plasma protein and lipoprotein fractions of five patients were analyzed on day 1, 5, and 15 after severe head injury by combining three types of two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) to obtain information on lipoprotein and apolipoprotein composition. On analysis under nondenaturing conditions in both dimensions on day 5, the samples show modifications of isoelectric point (pI) and molecular weight (Mr) properties of the high density lipoprotein (HDL) fraction in addition to an increase in inflammatory proteins and a return to a normal pattern on day 15. In the second type of 2-DE the samples were analyzed employing isoelectric focusing without denaturant in the first dimension, followed by sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) in the second dimension in order to study the protein composition of lipoprotein fractions. On day 5, a decrease of the apolipoproteins apo A-I, apo A-II, and apo C were noted, with simultaneous appearance of an unidentified protein with Mr 12,000 and pI 6.0. In the third type of 2-DE, employing urea and Nonidet P-40 in the first and SDS in the second dimension, the plasma polypeptide composition was studied. The presence of an unidentified polypeptide could be confirmed on day 5, tending to disappear thereafter. This Mr 12,000 component consists of two major spots at pI 5.7 and 6.0 and four minor ones between pI 6.0 and 8.0. These properties suggest that this protein corresponds to serum amyloid A apolipoprotein.

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