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PLoS One. 2014 Aug 22;9(8):e105949. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0105949. eCollection 2014.

Cationic synthetic peptides: assessment of their antimicrobial potency in liquid preserved boar semen.

Author information

1
Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research, Berlin, Germany.
2
Leibniz Institute of Molecular Pharmacology, Berlin, Germany.
3
Institute for Reproduction of Farm Animals Schoenow e. V., Bernau, Germany.

Abstract

Various semen extender formulas are in use to maintain sperm longevity and quality whilst acting against bacterial contamination in liquid sperm preservation. Aminoglycosides are commonly supplemented to aid in the control of bacteria. As bacterial resistance is increasing worldwide, antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) received lively interest as alternatives to overcome multi-drug resistant bacteria. We investigated, whether synthetic cationic AMPs might be a suitable alternative for conventional antibiotics in liquid boar sperm preservation. The antibacterial activity of two cyclic AMPs (c-WWW, c-WFW) and a helical magainin II amide analog (MK5E) was studied in vitro against two Gram-positive and eleven Gram-negative bacteria. Isolates included ATCC reference strains, multi-resistant E. coli and bacteria cultured from boar semen. Using broth microdilution, minimum inhibitory concentrations were determined for all AMPs. All AMPs revealed activity towards the majority of bacteria but not against Proteus spp. (all AMPs) and Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 29213 (MK5E). We could also demonstrate that c-WWW and c-WFW were effective against bacterial growth in liquid preserved boar semen in situ, especially when combined with a small amount of gentamicin. Our results suggest that albeit not offering a complete alternative to traditional antibiotics, the use of AMPs offers a promising solution to decrease the use of conventional antibiotics and thereby limit the selection of multi-resistant strains.

PMID:
25148109
PMCID:
PMC4141845
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0105949
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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